Retinoids are derivatives of the Vitamin A molecule. Traditionally used to treat acne, its widely recognized that they offer other skin benefits as well. Retinoids are available by prescription. The prescription options are found in products such as Retin A, Tazorac, and Avage. A retinoid is not the same thing as a retinol. Retinol must be broken down into retinoic acid in order to exert its action on skin cells, at suitable concentrations however, studies have shown that users do see a significant benefit to their skin by using retinols.
Retinols work by increasing the production of collagen, the skins supporting network. In addition, hyaluronic acid production may be stimulated. With retinol cells are encouraged to work together and increase cellular turnover in the skins dermis. The results of this optimal communication of cells results in several benefits: The appearance of wrinkles and fine lines diminish, skin is tightened, skin looks smoother, diminishes the appearance of pores and also helps to cleanse them, helping them to eliminate blemishes, discolorations are lightened. Retinol is an important antioxidant; it helps the skin fight against free radicals which lead to skin damage.
Retinol can be an active skin care ingredient. When choosing a retinol it is important to read its label so that you know the concentration of retinol you are applying to your skin. Over the counter retinols usually come in strengths ranging from 0.3-1.0. Depending on your skin type even with over the counter retinol you may experience irritation. This is due to its exfoliating action. If you have never used retinol it is a good idea to introduce it gradually starting with the lowest concentration one day per week and then gradually building up your tolerance to a point where you can tolerate nightly. If you find that over the counter retinol is a bit drying for your skin, try applying the YELLE Awakening Daily Moisturizer to the skin to alleviate dryness.
Retinol may increase skin sensitivity, use of a well formulated broad-spectrum sunscreen is important. Redness and mild flaking may also be present. The flaking occurs as old damaged skin cells shed, and newer ones fill their place. Use of retinol prior to treatments such as waxing, chemical peels, or dermaplaning should be avoided. Be sure to talk with your health and wellness provider about the retinol products you are using before receiving these or any other cosmetic treatments.
Got retinol in your routine? Make sure you have the YELLE Essential Kit with Awakening Daily Moisturizer and Milk and Honey cleanser to supplement your retinol use.